UK Breed Standard

To download the current (2021) version of the UK Kennel Club Breed Standard (PDF), click this link: UK Breed Standard – August 2021 (Previous version: Breed Standard – August 2014)

The Breed Council’s Health Sub-committee has published guidance on exaggeration in body length and lack of ground clearance.

The Dachshund Breed Council has produced a quick guide to the Dachshund Breed Standard. It has illustrations and explanations of the main points and is a handy reference guide for judges, breeders and exhibitors. Download your copy here: Breed Standard Quick Guide

An illustrated and extended guide to the 2009 UK Breed Standard is available at this website:

Below is the illustrated breed standard based on J F Sayer’s 1939 guide which can be used to help judges visualise the Breed Standard.

We are grateful to The Dachshund Club for permission to use extracts from “The Illustrated Standard of Points of the Dachshund of all varieties” by J. P. Sayer.

The Breed Standard is Copyright The Kennel Club (permission is granted to Breed Clubs for its use)

Please note that there are some large graphics files on these pages, which may be slow to download, depending on the speed of your internet connection.

Click on the picture for a larger graphic of the Dachshund’s conformation

‘A Breed Standard is the guideline which describes the ideal characteristics, temperament and appearance including the correct colour of a breed and ensures that the breed is fit for function. Absolute soundness is essential. Breeders and judges should at all times be careful to avoid obvious conditions or exaggerations which would be detrimental in any way to the health, welfare or soundness of this breed. From time to time certain conditions or exaggerations may be considered to have the potential to affect dogs in some breeds adversely, and judges and breeders are requested to refer to the Breed Watch section of the Kennel Club website here for details of any such current issues. If a feature or quality is desirable it should only be present in the right measure. However if a dog possesses a feature, characteristic or colour described as undesirable or highly undesirable it is strongly recommended that it should not be rewarded in the show ring.’

General Appearance:

Moderately long in proportion to height, with no exaggeration. Compact, well-muscled body, with enough ground clearance, not less than one quarter of the height at the withers, to allow free movement. Height at the withers should be half the length of the body, measured from breastbone to the rear of thigh. Bold, defiant carriage of head and intelligent expression.


Intelligent, lively, courageous to the point of rashness, obedient. Especially suited to going to ground because of low build, very strong forequarters and forelegs. Long, strong jaw, and immense power of bite and hold. Excellent nose, persevering hunter and tracker. Essential that functional build, size and proportions ensure working ability.


Faithful, versatile and good tempered.

Head and Skull:

Long, appearing conical when seen from above; viewed from the side, tapering uniformly to tip of nose. Skull only slightly arched. Neither too broad nor too narrow, sloping gradually without prominent stop into slightly arched muzzle. Length from tip of nose to eyes equal to length from eyes to occiput. In Wire haired, particularly, ridges over eyes strongly prominent, giving appearance of slightly broader skull. Lips closely fitting, neatly covering lower jaw.

Pictures and Discussion


Medium size, almond shaped, set obliquely. Dark except in Chocolates, where they can be lighter. In Dapples, one or both wall eyes are permissible.


Set high and not too far forward. Broad, of moderate length and well rounded (not narrow, pointed or folded). Forward edge touching the cheek. Mobile, and when at attention, the back of the ear is directed forward and outward.


Teeth must be strongly developed; the powerful canine teeth fitting closely.  Jaws strong, with a perfect, regular and complete scissor bite; i.e. the upper teeth closely overlapping the lower teeth and set square to the jaws. Complete dentition important.

Pictures and Discussion


Long, muscular, clean with no dewlap, slightly arched, running in graceful lines into shoulders, carried proudly forward.


Shoulder blades long, broad, and placed firmly and obliquely (45 degrees to the horizontal) upon robust rib cage. Upper arm the same length as shoulder blade, set at 90 degrees to it, very strong, and covered with hard, supple muscles. Upper arm lies close to ribs, but able to move freely. Forearm short and strong in bone, inclining inwards, forming a slight crook which fits neatly around the chest. When seen in profile, forearm moderately straight, must not bend forward or knuckle over, which indicates unsoundness. Correctly placed foreleg should cover the lowest point of the keel, with ground clearance never less than one quarter of the height at the withers.

Pictures and Discussion (1)

Pictures and Discussion (2)

Pictures and Discussion (3)


Moderately long and full muscled. Sloping shoulders, back reasonably level, blending harmoniously between withers and slightly arched loin. Withers and quarters of approximately the same height. Loin short and strong. Breast bone strong, and so prominent that a depression appears on either side of it in front. When viewed from front, thorax full and oval; when viewed from the side or above, full volumed, so allowing by its ample capacity complete development of heart and lungs. Ribs extending well back with good length of sternum. Underline gradually merging into line of abdomen. Body sufficiently clear of ground to allow free movement.

Pictures and Discussion (1)


Rump full, broad and strong, pliant muscles. Croup long, full, robustly muscled, only slightly sloping towards tail. Pelvis strong, set obliquely and not too short. Upper thigh set at right angles to pelvis, strong and of good length. Lower thigh short, set at right angles to upper thigh and well-muscled. Viewed from the rear, hind legs straight and parallel, neither close nor wide apart.

Pictures and Discussion


Front feet full, broad, deep, close knit, straight or very slightly turned out. Hind feet smaller and narrower. Toes close together with a decided arch to each toe, strong regularly placed nails, thick and firm pads. Dog must stand true, i.e. equally on all parts of the foot.


Continues line of spine, but slightly curved, without kink or twist, not carried above the topline, or touching ground when at rest.


Should be free and flowing. Stride should be long with the drive coming from the hindquarters when viewed from the side. Viewed from in front or behind, the legs and feet should move parallel to each other with the distance apart being the width of the shoulder and hip joints respectively.


Smooth-haired: Dense, short and smooth. Hair on underside of tail course in texture. Skin loose and supple, but fitting closely all over without dewlap and little or no wrinkle.

Long-haired: Soft and straight, or only slightly waved; longest under neck, on underparts of body and behind legs where it forms abundant feathering, on tail where it forms a flag. Outside of ears well feathered. Coat flat and not obscuring outline. Too much hair on feet is undesirable.

Wire-haired: With the exception of the jaw, eyebrows, chin and ears, the whole body should be covered with a short, straight, harsh coat with dense undercoat, beard on the chin, eyebrows bushy, but hair on the ears almost smooth. Legs and feet well but neatly furnished with harsh coat.


All colours permitted but no white permissible, save for a small patch on chest which is permitted but not desirable. The dapple pattern is expressed as lighter coloured areas contrasting with the darker base. Neither the light nor the dark colour should predominate. Double dapple (where varying amounts of white occurs all over the body in addition to the dapple pattern) is unacceptable. Pied, tricolour and the dilute colours isabella and blue are highly undesirable. Nose and nails black in all colours except chocolate/tan and chocolate/dapple where they are brown.


Standards: Ideal weight 20-26 lbs (9-12 kg).

Miniatures: Ideal weight 4.5 kg (10 lbs). Desired maximum weight 5 kg (11 lbs.) Exhibits which appear thin and undernourished should be severely penalised.


Any departure from the foregoing points, including desired body condition, should be considered a fault and the seriousness with which the fault should be regarded should be in exact proportion to its degree and its effect upon the health and welfare of the dog as well as its ability to perform its traditional work.


Male animals should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.